Tuesday, October 8, 2019

Chronology (history) Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Chronology (history) - Assignment Example The Convention’s final report offered several amendments to American Constitution. These amendments were attempts to combat the ruling Republicans’ policies by several measures: The Compromise of 1850 was a complicated package of bills that had been passed in September 1850. The Compromised defused a long-lasted confrontation between the free Northern States and the slave states of the South concerning the status of territories that had been acquired during the Mexican American War (1846-1848). The Compromise spared US from civil war or secession at the time. Furthermore it reduced the conflict for the following four years. The Kansas –Nebraska Act established the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, voided 1820 Missouri Compromise and opened some new lands. Furthermore it permitted settlers in those lands to decide whether they would permit slavery within the boundaries of their states. The act’s initial purpose was to provide opportunities to construction of Midwestern Transcontinental railroad. Nevertheless it became rather problematic when the idea of Popular Sovereignty appeared. According to the Act the settlers were permitted to vote either for allowing slavery in the states, in the names of the popular sovereignty. Senator Stephen Douglas hoped that relations between the South and the North would be eased, because the South might expand slavery to newly acquired territories, though the North had still the right to abolish slavery within its states. Instead the opponents denounced the bill as a concession to the power of the South. Newly organized Republican Party that had been created in opposition to this act tried to stop the expansion of slavery and soon proved to be the dominant force in the North. Under the terms of Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Mexico ceded New Mexico and Upper California to the United States. The territories also known as Mexican Cession included

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