Friday, June 7, 2019
How to build a computer Essay Example for Free
How to build a information processing system EssayEvery fully functioning com vomiter is make of the same(p) basic comp angiotensin converting enzyments and here Ill walk through the basic toilsomeware youll need for your first build. There are several components a computer. However, its important to first understand what each component does. The processor (CPU) is equivalent the brain of a computer, the thing that carries out the tasks you give it. Better CPUs can bring about more tasks at once, and perform them faster. Not everyone purports full advantage of their processors full speed, so the high-end processers are only re bothy needed if youre performing intensive things like gaming or video editing. Its also one of the most high-priced parts of a computer, so if you arent doing these types of things, you dont need to buy the latest and greatest. Another expensive part is the motherboard connects all the other components to each other, and is the physical base that you build everything else onto. It contains a lot of your machines core features, like the number of USB ports, the number of expansion card game you can put in (like video, sound, and Wi-Fi), and also determines how big your computer will be. The motherboard you buy will depend on the type of user you are. The case holds all of your computers parts together.For the most part, a case is less about features that affect how your computer runs and more about features that affect you and your home. Still, its an important consideration that is dependent on your other choices, so you might want to think about everything before buying one. Make for certain the case buy will hold motherboard. pressure, or Random Access Memory, is like your computers short-term memory. It stores data your computer needs quick access to help your programs run faster, and help you run more programs at one time. That basically means the more you want to do at once the more RAM youll need.The graphics card, or G PU, is a processor designed to handle graphics. Its what you hook your monitor up to, and its what draws your desk shed light on and your windows on the screen. Some motherboards come with a GPU already integrated, which is sufficiency to manage your desktop, but not enough for watching high definition video or playing games. Your warm drives are what store all of your data, ranging from your operating system to your documents, music, and movies. If the RAM is your computers short-term memory, your hard drive is the long-term memory. It stores the things you want to keep around for a while.An optical drive, more commonly k presentlyn as a CD or videodisc drive is what youll use to read CDs, DVDs, and even Blu-Ray discs. Not everyone needs an optical drive in his/her computer, but youll need one to constitute anything from a disc. The final major component youll need is the cater supply. This does just as the name implies, it agencys the computer. Depending on what you plan on u sing the computer for will determine the size of it of power supply youll need. Just as I said with picking the case, wait to pick this out until you figure out how much power youll need. forthwith that Ive told you about all the components that make up a computer its time to start deciding which to use. While deciding make sure you read everything because youll need to make sure everything is compatible. Now that youve bought all your components, its time for the moment of truth Youre ready to actually put together the machine. Assembling your computer can seem daunting, but its actually pretty easy. Heres what you need to do. To start, open up your cases box, take out the case, and open it up. Usually this involves un bashing a few thumb screws on the choke off of your case and sliding the side panels off.Take a good look around your case and get acquainted note where the hard drive bays are, where your CD drive will go, whether the power supply mounts on the top or the bottom, and so on. There should also be a bobby pin of screws inside your case grab that now and set it aside because well need it in a few minutes. Open up your motherboard box and take out the I/O shield, which is the metal plate that protects the ports on the back of your motherboard. You should see a rectangular space in the back of your case where this should go. tumble it into place. This takes quite a bit of force, so make sure all four sides are snapped in securely.Next, reap out your motherboard and line up the ports on the back with the I/O shield. You should see that the holes on your motherboard line up with screw holes on the bottom of your case. There are probably more holes on your case than there are on your motherboard, so note which ones these are, and grab your motherboard standoffs from your bag of screws (they have a male screw end on one side, and a female screw hole on the other side). Screw the standoffs into those holes, and set your motherboard on top of them. Screw your motherboard screws into the standoffs so the motherboard is snugly mounted.Open up your processors box and gently take it out. Your processor is one of the more breakable parts, so this is one step in which youll want to be careful. Find the ceding back of your processor that has a gold arrow on it, and then look at your motherboards processor socket for a similar arrowed corner. Line these two arrows up this is the wariness your processor will go into the socket. Lift up the lever on the processor socket and put your processor in (Intel motherboards might also have a cover you have to lift up first). Pull the lever down to lock it into place.Again, do this gentlyit shouldnt require any feats of strength on your part, so if it isnt falling into place easily, somethings wrong. Take it out and try re-setting it, make sure your two arrows are lined up, and of course, double check that your motherboard and processor are of the same socket type. Once your processors in, grab the cooler that came with your processor (remember, if you got an OEM processor you have to buy a cooler separately). It should already have some silver thermal counterpane on the bottom. If not, youll need to pick some up from the computer store and put a very thin line on your processor.Installing RAM is very simple. Find the RAM sockets on your motherboard, and pull the two clips on the side down. Line up the crack in your RAM stick with the notch in the socket, and press the RAM down into place. This might take a bit of pressure, so dont worry about being overly gentle. The clips should snap back into place when the RAM is fully in the socket. For your video card (or any other PCI expansion card), find the topmost slot that fits your card and match that up with its plate on the back of the case. Remove that plate and slide the PCI cards bracket in its place.The card should then be sitting on top of the socket, and all you need to do is press down to lock it into place. Then s crew the bracket onto the case. Every case is a little bit diverse in how they install hard drives. Generally, there are two methods on some cases, you have to pull out a hard drive tray, put the drive in, screw it in securely, and then slide the tray back in. Other motherboards just require you to slide the bare drive into the bay and then screw it in snug after the fact. Check your cases manual for more detailed instructions on this case.The optical drive should be pretty self-explanatory. Just pull out the plastic cover on one of your 5. 25 drive bays and slide in your optical drive. Screw it into place if necessary. Once everything else is in, its time to install your power supply and plug everything in. (Note that if your case came with a power supply, you can skip this step, as itll already be installed). It should be pretty obvious where your power supply goes, as there will be a big rectangular hole on the back of your case. Some power supplies mount on the top, while some sit on the bottom of the case.Generally, they mount with the fan facing away from the edge of the case, unless that case has enough space in in the midst of the power supply mount and the end of the case to allow for airflow. Now that you have built your computer its time to plug it in and power it. From here its time to install an operating system (OS). There are several OS to pick from. The more common are Microsoft Windows and Linux. apiece OS installs differently and each user has their own preference. Once you pick an OS read the instructions provided to install it. Now that you have installed the OS you now have a fully functioning computer that youve built.